Trump is changing the international order

(CNN)Many historians have pointed out that we live in unprecedented times. The lack of war involving the planet ‘s major powers has marked the time since 1945. Most of previous human history is a story of financial mercantilism, continued war and political struggle. Since 1945, we’ve lived in what John Lewis Gaddis dubbed the “Long Peace.” Through the Long Peace we’ve also had decades of increasing incomes, well-being and living standards through the planet, particularly in the United States.

He was the dissenter when Roosevelt was starting to design his system. The dominant foreign policy notions in America in the time were signified with a movement called “America First.” Nativist, isolationist and anti Semitic, the movement maintained that an external-oriented America was a policy for suckers. It required Hitler and World War II to get Americans understand that, to get a state of the size as well as scale in America, isolation and narrow self interest would result in catastrophe and international insecurity. One wonders what it’s going to require to make the America Firsters relearn the exact same lesson of today.

    Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/01/27/us/trump-changing-the-international-order-zakaria/index.html

    Categories CNN

    Why sex and love dont belong in the same bed

    Theres anything deep about contact that is sexual. Sex is just a hormonal action, whereas love, as expressed in a hug, brings authentic affair

    Sex sells, they say, and Im as guilty as anyone of locating headlines like How to keep the sex living in your union resistless. These posts are pored over by me, nevertheless discussing them with my girlfriends ad infinitum, although never trusting their guidance.

    However, is sex actually about love, about connecting with your partner in a few mysterious, deep manner?

    No, I dont believe it’s. I believe the 20th century made the entire story up, and we purchased it because it suited us. We went from sex-shame to sex-worship in several heady years.

    We’re told again and again that sex is communicative. I believe, What are they talking about? Have I conveyed anything? I dont believe so. Some girls are confident enough to tell their partners just the things they need in bed, so yes (I mustnt be completely skeptical), you could convey in addition to you do to a plumber, describing where a flow is coming from. And simply being nude with someone is a genuine action of trust. But beyond this, I ‘ve zero idea what’s happening in my partners head when we’ve got sex, and he’s zero idea what’s happening in mine.

    I risked asking my partner whether he thought sex could be religious. Religious! he laughed. It does nt be entered into by the spirit. Sex is all about lust, about a specific physical encounter which is pleasurable, about desire. A style of coping with excessive emotion making you capable to sleep well, its about Spurs coming top of the league, a great day on the job. Sex hasn’t been about the nature, not for a day!

    Among the very alarming things about sex, I find, is the character of dream within it. We’re taught that sex is all about love aside from whether it’s accurate. There appears to be a battle that is huge here. Having sex with a single guy, thinking of another am I convinced that counts as adoring?

    As element of my training as a probation officer, in the early 80s, I learned how to be a sex therapist in a week. By the way: it was all technique and educating my customers to fantasise about film stars, no reference of the term love.

    During those times, I believed it was rather fun. I used to be in my rather pleased to discuss, and 20s erotic stories with their seduction, about innocent virgins as well as my then husband. But now I ‘m 56: and thank God I dont understand what goes on in my husbands head.

    We were lovers at 20. Is he recalling how glossy and smooth and solid my flesh was afterward, as he feels my middle aged spread? Is he thinking of the lovely young woman whos just started the one that is turning everyones head, at his work? Or is he simply away with the fairies? I asked him he explained he felt the same as a bike tyre and what it felt like as a guy to get sex. Strangely, I came across this extremely encouraging. It might happen to be so substantially worse.

    And what if he could see what was within my head? What if he understood I used to be thinking of a scene from a Japanese pornographic movie I saw yonks past? I whine that sex isn’t communicative except in the most ordinary ways. However, what will happen if it actually was? What will happen if, by the end of the sex act, we swapped printouts of what we were really thinking about, whether that consisted of secret things of lust or shopping lists? Would we feel closer, more adored by our partners? Or would we feel sabotaged, betrayed, covetous, appalled?

    Sex just isn’t about souls. We have sexual desire when we would like to possess sex, not when we love someone. If this wasnt the situation, it might function as the oldies who have been all having wild sex after 40 years of a happy union, whod be the writers of agony columns informing those poor young folks how being kind and considerate and bringing a cup of tea for their partner during intercourse will actually get the beat racing.

    The older I get, the more sceptical I get. Sex is a thing that is colourless and unbiased, and also a lower or higher sex drive is brought on by hormones which might be difficult to control. For centuries, religions and societies have tried to use this drive. However, for the previous 60 years, we in the west have been positive we understand best: culture and every other age continues to be incorrect. We’re appropriate. Sex is the most profound kind of human love, the most profound expression. Exactly what a load of rubbish. Were we taken in? Because we needed permission to really have a great time.

    Sex just isn’t its around bodies, about souls, as well as the thing about bodies is that they’re items: about guys handling them as such, dont whine, we girls treat them like things, also. We pierce them, tattoo them, adorn them, beautify them. I had been bemoaning this fact to some homosexual friend of mine, saying: damaging and Its terrible what modern culture would have us believe. By conflating love and sex, we’ve got young folks needing plastic surgery to alter their bodies. They believe that by having operation theyll become for that reason lovable, and shaggable. Isnt that pitiful?

    He explained to me: Of course sex is all about bodies. And what will be the young folks who dont need operation complacent about? We possess the technology. They ought to be having operation, also.

    I ‘m such a romantic. I believe from your base of my heart in love. Theres a couple who’ve been married I observe every morning, their dog walking, hand in hand. Where’s that form of love gone to? Will we ever get back there again?

    Now, for individuals who have been married to get quite a long time, sex is the minefield that divides them. Everyone believes they must be having it, ought to be loving it, that it must be an expression in their love. They may be for groundbreaking sex exceedingly tired, nevertheless they hunger for affection. Human beings crave to hold and be held, but we stay a sexual performance is required. Its all a narrative that is really sad and sorry.

    How did we get here? Where did we go wrong? Why are numerous relationships only so delicate?

    Sexual love and love are two different emotions I’d contend they can be virtually contrary. Love appropriate will be to do with all another man: it’s comprehension, respect and all about the attention of this other that is individual. Love in this way grows, it cannot help it. The more of yourself you invest in someone else, the further you receive. As one: their pain can be your pain, their happiness, yours also you become.

    Sexual love, on the flip side, is around needing something.

    The French are correct: you cannot want what you have. Actually, a French sex therapist wrote another post I recently devoured. It was about the way to own a fulfilling sex life in your 60s. I wished to disparage it, as I do all of others, but she was certainly correct: keep yourself in trimming, purchase sex toys, view porn, have an affair in the event you dare, keep yourself aloof out of your husband, sleep in a separate bed, utilize a different toilet. And surely dont let your husband into your innermost ideas.

    I put down the paper and I believed, Thats accurate, and all very well, but who’d desire a union that way?

    Unions all about me neglect: every time, its intolerable if you ask me, the kids are distraught when I divorced, as mine were and sex, in a single guise or another, is the motive. Either among the partners has fallen in love with someone else (ie, fantasies someone rotten and desires to pursue it), or there’s merely a mismatch (and possibly just temporary) of libido. I simply dont purchase sex and the heavy incompatibility malarkey love being the one representing the other, bedfellows. Its much more likely you have got youthful kids or re working overly hard.

    Forget the hysteria in the event you’d like a great union. Only take care of your own partner, have a great chat, be sure theyre OK, and provide them a great, felt, day-to-day hug.

    Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/jan/28/sex-love-communicate-erotic-hormonal-closer-hug

    Wrong about globalization

    (CNN)You can not turn off technological revolutions. Nor will there be a quick fix from going to other nations to prevent company. Tariffs on China will only imply that creation can come from another country that is developing.

    The most effective strategy to the world we’re living in isn’t authorization although refusal. States should acknowledge that the technological revolution as well as the international market need substantial, sustained national attempts to equip workers with all infrastructure, capital and the skills they must be successful. An open world should be embraced by states, however just so long as they can be properly equipped to compete inside. And that needs bright, powerful — and quite pricey — national policies, not some grand reversal of globalization.

      Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/01/27/us/wrong-about-globalization-zakaria/index.html

      Categories CNN

      I feel like Jason Bourne I cant recall daily life with my wife

      Im struggling with despair amnesia but losing some memories is assisting me to take care of my bereavement

      Its like youre Jason Bourne, just old and not buff! As we sit comparing notes and news on our decline shrieks Jeannie. Shes a buddy, met through Way (Widowed & Young) whose partner died in the same time to Helen and weve swapped stories in person and online for months.

      Her mocking reply to my offloading to her would appear disrespectful from anyone besides a fellow traveller. Nevertheless, Jeannies story that is back is even more difficult than mine: her husbands passing was unexpected and self-inflicted. We laugh, comrades in misfortune sharing memories.

      Wed been talking about despair taboos and, needless to say, the topic of sex engorges the laughter of our dialogue. So you, a middle aged single man has sex using a single woman of similar age; whats the huge deal? Bloody well done, you! She lifts her glass

      I dont concur: Try adding the word widowed before guy and in just annually of his wife dying to the conclusion of the sentence and the jury is invited by you also in.

      Jeannie pushes it back at me and shrugs: And has their verdict been an issue?

      Actually, folks have already been really encouraging. Yes, cousin and my partner Pete Holly feign surprise that any girl would need to shag me, however they’re cheerleaders for Lucy stopping up the hole within my wellbeing.

      Ive called it wrong again. The entire sex-in-bereavement gigabyte than Id pictured looks less a taboo. It hasn’t actually caused me any angst even the accusation of Lucy being a one-night stand. It wasnt. Weve more than 90 years between us, common history and have met again before concurring our life-periods and lifestyles are excessively different for this to go everywhere.

      As it were, having set this to bed, Jeannie and I moved on to what’s become for me an individual taboo the reality that despite being married for 19 years to Helen and residing together on top of that, I don’t have any actual memory of it.

      Obviously, I recall Helen, in fact automatically do more before fucking cancer, which can be wonderful, as she was. Nevertheless, the entire nature of national cohabitation, combined decision making, constructive compromises, even sharing a bed nightly and waking up every morning together with her, feels obscure and nearly absent.

      While I say this to anyone, Heidi, even my excellent counsellor, they go wide eyed in shock. Wide opened additionally in what I presumed was the same reaction but wasnt. Thats just how I feel, Adam! Dave and I were together for years, but now once I envision living with him, theres no awareness of having done

      Snap! Connectivity and this attention is what Way is all about.

      Prodded by Heidi, Ive unpacked my despair amnesia: Its like that I must reconstruct in ways which will have me make do together with the current and future and unexpectedly my memory banks happen to be partly eliminated. Jeannies movie analogy just isn’t as angry as I seem saying all this. It’s Bourne-like! As if Id abruptly woken up using the children, family, friends, a house, a job and am trying to find hints about what I feel about them, who I ‘m now and the best way to do the best I can alone in making the appropriate calls to bring up Millie and Matt, handle relationships, work, love, sex, the future. Everything a lens on loss.

      Like Bourne sitting in the cafe not understanding why he found enrollments on automobiles in the parking lot or why he is able to talk many languages, I find myself automatically judging all that crosses my course as of worth to my new life or not and then acting on this new input signal. This extends to individuals, properties, work, and even, it appears, my own memories, in which Ive left wiped material that doesnt help me cope together with the present. Looking back, its portion of the reasons why I changed so substantially in the months since Helen expired, as I did new content to replace that lost, wanting.

      The relaxation is the fact that that my love of Helen is sharper than ever before. The staying uncluttered memories of the past conjoin nearer us as we’re divided by the long run. The Love Supremacy maybe

      Adam Golightly is a pseudonym

      @ MrAdamGolightly

      Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/jan/28/jason-bourne-daily-life-grief-amnesia-memories-bereavement

      Chris Christie won’t be charged in ‘Bridgegate’ scandal

      New York (CNN)New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie will not be charged with misconduct in the so called “Bridgegate” scandal, Bergen County prosecutors said Friday.

      The prosecutor’s office said it didn’t believe it could show the charge in court.
        A statement from a governor’s spokesman thanked Gurbir S. Grewal’s staff for termination “this baseless fiasco.”
          “It is right and appropriate that this injustice against the governor is finally over,” spokesman Brian Murray said.
          A probable cause hearing on a criminal summons was scheduled for next Thursday in municipal court. The New Jersey resident who filed the charge and summons considers the hearing will be held.

          Christie:

          Two individuals are convicted on the lane closures in the scandal.
          Christie’s former deputy chief of staff, Bridget Kelly, and Bill Baroni, former deputy executive director of the Port Authority of New Jersey and New York were convicted in November of fraud, conspiracy and civil rights violations.
          Brennan’s charge was filed in the their trial on the heels of testimony.
          Christie has denied knowing regarding the closures.

          Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/01/28/politics/chris-christie-bridgegate/index.html

          Categories CNN

          How breast cancer and the BRCA gene brought us the sister we never knew

          For Tamsin and Lorna, discovering their half-sister was good news at a time of gruelling treatments and agonising choices over preventive surgery

          Like all sisters, Tamsin and Lorna Sargeant and Claire Pike are linked by their genes. But in their case, one gene has dominated their relationship; in fact, it was responsible for bringing them together for the very first time. In this picture of the three of them smiling in the sunshine they look happy and carefree but the gene that brought them together has led to a huge amount of heartache, and desperately difficult decisions.

          The story that united these sisters begins one day in spring 2009, when Tamsin, then 40, noticed a strange thickening under the skin of her chest, just below her collarbone. She went to her GP, who knew immediately it was serious. Sure enough, tests revealed a large tumour that had spread to her lymph nodes.

          It was shocking and scary: but Tamsin knew she would get through. Her sister Lorna was a big support: the two had been raised by their mother, Jennie, and stepfather, Ralph, who had died a few months before her cancer came to light.

          Tamsin had chemotherapy to shrink the tumour, followed by a lumpectomy and radiotherapy. She carried on with her job as a social worker as much as possible as well as caring for her then two-year-old daughter, Esm, with her partner, Tom. By early 2010, it seemed she had put breast cancer behind her and moved on with her life.

          But she hadnt. At some point, her oncologist raised the possibility of whether Tamsin might be a carrier of one of the most common breast cancer genes, BRCA1 or BRCA2. We had always been a bit worried about breast cancer in our family, on my mums side, because my grandmother and an aunt had it. But from the pattern of the disease in our family, the doctor said it was unlikely the BRCA gene was in our family.

          All the same, Tamsin agreed to take part in some medical research that meant being tested for BRCA. She was asked to fill in a detailed questionnaire about her family history, which meant contacting someone she had barely seen since she was a small child: her birth father, Clive, who had split up with her mother when she and Lorna were very young. I hardly remembered Clive, and Id always regarded Ralph as my dad, says Tamsin. But I had Clives email address, so I wrote to him to ask for information about anyone on his side of the family who had had breast cancer.

          Clives reply contained a bombshell. Not only had his sister and other members of his family had breast cancer, but he had another female relative to tell Tamsin about: a half-sister she had not known existed Claire, the daughter of another relationship.

          The news was exciting, and unexpected, and Tamsin hoped they might get to know one another. But first, she felt she needed to rule out the possibility, however unlikely her oncologist thought it was, that her family might be BRCA carriers. I was very interested in Claire, and keen to meet her, but I felt it was my responsibility, for her and for Lorna, to make absolutely sure I didnt have this gene, says Tamsin. Id been through a horrible experience, and I thought the least I could do for them was make sure it wasnt a big risk for them, too.

          The test results took a long time, but Tamsin wasnt too worried. So when in March 2011 she went along to the Royal Marsden hospital to be told she was, after all, a carrier of BRCA1, the news was utterly devastating. It was worse than being told I had cancer in the first place. By this stage, my hair had grown back and I felt my life was back to normal: now I was told I had a 50:50 chance of getting breast cancer again, and that I should consider the possibility of having a double mastectomy to reduce the risk.

          But on top of that, I now had to tell Claire and Lorna that they, too, might be carriers and then they, too, would be at high risk of breast cancer.

          A BRCA gene mutation isnt the most common cause of breast cancer. According to Martin Ledwick of Cancer Research UK, fewer than one in 10 cases of the disease are linked to it. But where the gene is identified, theres a higher risk of getting breast cancer. Up to 65% of women who carry the BRCA1 gene, and 45% of women who carry the BRCA2 gene will develop breast cancer by the age of 70, he says. So while it doesnt mean cancer is a given, it does mean its worth considering preventive surgery a double mastectomy to reduce the risk of breast cancer, and an oophorectomy, to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, which is also higher in BRCA carriers.

          Although she knows it wasnt rational, and that she cant possibly be held responsible for it, Tamsin says she felt the weight of responsibility of having to tell her sisters about the gene. They had seen what Id gone through, and I knew they would now be thinking, will I have all those horrible experiences ahead of me, too? Like Tamsin, they had choices to make: and the first was whether to be tested for the gene.

          Whats interesting in a family is that different people react totally differently to the same piece of news, says Tamsin. It wasnt just Lorna and Claire there were others affected, relatives on Clives side of the family and my mum and her relatives. Some people wanted to have the test so they knew one way or the other; others preferred to wait and see; others wanted to have surveillance so any tumour would be discovered as early as possible.

          For Tamsin, there was a different dilemma. I had to think about whether to have a double mastectomy. At first, I was completely opposed to that: I really wanted to keep my breasts, they felt like such an important part of me. Also, Id had enough of hospitals and medical treatment.

          Eventually, though, she decided to have the operation. Ive got a young child, and I thought I owed it to her and Tom to do everything I could to reduce my risk of a further cancer, she says.

          When the operation took place, in February 2012, there was more bad news: Tamsin already had a second cancer in her other breast. More chemotherapy followed, as well as a failed reconstruction; and because the cancer had spread to her lymph nodes, these also had to be removed. Things seemed to go from bad to worse and all the time, I knew my sisters, as well as supporting me, were thinking this could be what lay ahead for them, says Tamsin.

          After her double mastectomy in 2012, she had her ovaries removed the following year. But this is another operation you dont just walk away from there are big consequences to it. You go through an early menopause and its life-changing, she says. I like the fact that Angelina Jolie, who made the same choices as me, brought the BRCA gene to everyones attention, but I dont think the suffering that goes with it has been fully appreciated.

          Meanwhile, first Claire, and then Lorna, had decided to be tested. For Claire, who is 37, it took a while for the enormity of the news that she might be affected by the BRCA gene to sink in. Id never met my birth father, Clive, but my mum had told me that somewhere out there I had two half-sisters, she says. And then one day Mum came round and said she needed to talk to me about something: Clive had contacted her about Tamsin having the gene. This was before Angelina Jolie, so I had no idea what it meant but I was worried.

          My GP referred me to a geneticist, and after counselling I decided to have the test Ive got a young son, and felt I needed all the information I could get. Six weeks later, she got the news that she, too, was a carrier. By this stage, Tamsin had had her preventive surgery and found out she had cancer again so I decided it was too much of a risk not to have the operation. She had a double mastectomy and reconstruction in 2013, and has just had her ovaries removed.

          Lorna, who is 45, was the last of the three sisters to be tested. Im the kind of person whos happy trundling along, so I thought I didnt want to know, she says. But after a couple of years I was worrying about every little bump and ailment and whether it was cancer.

          She decided to have the test in March 2014. Ive never told my sisters this, but I was worried that I might be the only one of us who didnt have the gene. It sounds odd, but I thought Id feel guilty having to tell them I was BRCA-free. Sadly, she didnt have to: she, too, tested positive.

          Id already decided to have the surgery, she says. I didnt want to live with this ticking time-bomb.

          For all three sisters, being brought together has been a silver lining to the dark cloud of BRCA but they dont want to minimise that cloud, or what its meant to their lives. Its been a very tough journey, and although its been wonderful to get to know Claire, the impact of the gene has coloured everything, says Tamsin. Apart from anything, theres always been one or other or us going through major surgery.

          Claire says having two new sisters has been a brilliant boon to her life. Lorna and I live quite near one another in Manchester and Cheshire, so its been great being able to meet up. When I was a teenager, I used to wonder about these sisters I knew nothing about, so its wonderful to have got to know them eventually. And given what weve had to face up to, its great that all of us know exactly what the others are going through weve always had someone to talk to who understands.

          Lorna agrees: Weve had one another and been able to compare scars and nipples and lack of nipples, she says. My big hope now is that, at some point in the future, we can put BRCA into the box where it belongs, and just enjoy our lives together.

          Tamsin, Claire and Lorna are supporting Cancer Research UKs Right Now campaign to beat cancer sooner. To support them, visit cruk.org

          Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/jan/28/breast-cancer-genetic-glitch-sister-treatments-brca-preventive-surgery

          Mold at two Pittsburgh hospitals linked to 5 deaths

          (CNN)Heavy mould development was discovered in the linens used at two University of Pittsburgh Medical Center hospitals where five mould-disease-associated deaths happened since October 2014, based on a report.

          The report, which the medical center received in May 2016, was filed January 19, 2017 with the Allegheny County Court of Common Pleas in two wrongful death suits brought from the hospital system from the families of the dead person.
            Daniel Krieg, 56, died using a mould-associated illness following a kidney transplant a month following the report came out. He was the fifth transplant receiver at University of Pittsburgh Presbyterian and Montefiore campuses to succumb to some mould disease in the transplant units in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. His family as well as the wife following a lung transplant are suing the hospital for wrongful death of the departed nearest and dearest of Che DuVall, 70, who died from disease complications.
              In the instances of two other patients who succumbed to the mould outbreak, the medical center settled without litigation for $1.35 million each. A third patient was an unnamed person in the transplant unit in the Montefiore campus.

              Pittsburgh

              These moulds are trivial, and most folks are not susceptible to diseases caused rhizopus and by mucor. However they are able to cause serious difficulties for immune-suppressed people, including those who are receiving chemotherapy or have had a transplant.
              “In transplant patients with suppressed immune systems these fungal infections are infrequent, but do occur at most major transplant centers without any discernable source,” the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center said in a statement.
              Streifel made several recommendations to Paris Cos. in his report and shared his everyday findings with business officials during his visit.
              Healthcare Laundry Accreditation Council standards bind health care linen services. The certification organization that is not-for-profit requires accredited laundries to keep facilities like their clean laundry storage areas should be made to avoid accumulation of lint and dust. Laundries use for certification and must pass inspections take care of and to receive the three-year certification, when it expires reapplying.
              As to whether Paris Linen was up to those standards, “that would not be my opinion,” Streifel said.

              CDC and Department of Health react

              The hospital system has been in regards to the findings in connection with the Pennsylvania Department of Health as well as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, based on Hydzik.
              CDC spokesman Tom Skinner verified the bureau received a duplicate of the report in the “late spring or early summer.”
              Streifel joined as well as the CDC he explained after presenting his report that was confidential and conference calls.
              “We figured (the report) would never come forward,” he said.
              “The facts of this investigation don’t support the conclusion that infections resulted from exposure to linens,” Pennsylvania Department of Health spokeswoman April Hutcheson said. “Only at that time, there’s no signs of an on-going outbreak. We continue to supply consultative support to UPMC and can inquire as justified.”
              The medical center called CDC officials to both hospitals to research the outbreak in September 2015. The Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit was temporary closed, as well as the 20-bed ICU cleaned and was evacuated.
              A week after his report was submitted by Streifel in May, the CDC released opinions about that visit but did not say the new report.

              See the most recent news and discuss your opinions with CNN Health on Facebook and Twitter.

              In the CDC review, the deadly diseases are not credited to the mould-covered linens but instead to venting which could have let mould and dust spores to go into the hospital rooms.
              Lupetin, the families’ lawyer, expects the report will prompt the CDC to come back to reopen its investigation, but state officials must encourage their national partners to go to.
              “CDC, state, local and hospital officials finished their investigation and issued a report a year ago. The bureaus stand by this report and there is no signs of any outbreak that is on-going. If state and local officials deem more work is needed and request CDC for help afterward CDC will help,” Skinner said in a statement.

              Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/01/28/health/moldy-hospital-bed-linen-deaths/index.html

              Categories CNN

              John Hurt obituary

              British performer became an overnight sensation after playing Quentin Crisp in the 1975 television film The Naked Civil Servant

              Few British performers of recent years are held in just as much fondness as John Hurt, who has died aged 77. That fondness isn’t only due to his lifestyle that is wild he was a hellraising chum of Peter OToole, Oliver Reed and Richard Harris, and was married four times or even his chain of performances as vulnerable, fragile or damaged characters, though that was definitely a variable. There is something about his innocence, openheartedness and his lovely speaking voice that made him immediately attractive.

              As he aged, his face grown more creases and folds in relation to the old map of the Indies, inviting comparisons using the well-known lived-in faces of WH Auden and Samuel Beckett, in whose evocative Krapps Last Tape he gave a certain solo performance near the ending of his career. One critic said he could package an entire universe that was mental to the twitch of an eyebrow, a sardonic slackening of the mouth. Hurt himself said: What I’m now, the performer, the guy, is a blend of all that’s happened.

              For theatregoers of my generation, his pulverising, hysterically amusing performance as Malcolm Scrawdyke, leader of the Party of Dynamic Erection at a Yorkshire artwork school, in David Halliwells Little Malcolm and His Struggle Against the Eunuchs, was a totemic performance of the mid-1960s; another was David Warners Hamlet, and both performers appeared in the 1974 movie version of Little Malcolm. The play lasted just two weeks in the Garrick Theatre (I saw the closing Saturday matine), but Hurts performance was already a minor fad, and one gathered by the Beatles and Laurence Olivier.

              He became an overnight sensation with all people at large as Quentin Crisp the self confessed stately homo of England in the 1975 television film The Naked Civil Servant, directed by Jack Gold, playing the crazy, initial and rebellious aesthete whom Hurt had first struck as a naked model in his painting courses at St Martins School of Art, before he trained as a performer.

              Crisp called Hurt my representative here on Earth, paradoxically claiming a divinity at odds with his lowlife louche- poverty and ness. But Hurt, a glowing vision of ginger quiffs and curls, using a voice kippered in gin and as studiously inflected as a deadpan combination of Nol Coward, Coral Browne and Julian Clary, in a way propelled Crisp to the stars, and definitely to his transatlantic recognition, a journey summarised when Hurt recapped Crisps life in An Englishman in New York (2009), 10 years after his departure.

              Hurt said some people had informed him that his career would be ended by playing Crisp. Rather, it made everything possible. Within five years he previously appeared in four of the very remarkable pictures of the late 1970s: Ridley Scotts Alien (1979), the brilliantly played scifi horror movie in which Hurt from whose belly the creature burst was the very first casualty; Alan Parkers Midnight Express, that he won his first Bafta award as a drug addicted convict in a Turkish torture penitentiary; Michael Ciminos contentious western Heavens Gate (1980), now a cult classic in its entirely restored format; and David Lynchs The Elephant Man (1980), with Anthony Hopkins and Anne Bancroft.

              In the latter, the deformed circus draw who becomes a celebrity in Victorian society and medicine, as John Merrick, Hurt won Lynchs view and a second Bafta award which he was the finest performer on the planet. A gruesome external look there were 27 transferring bits in his face mask was infused by him; he spent nine hours in makeup with a profoundly moving, humanist quality. He followed up using a tiny part Jesus in Mel Brookss History of the World: Part 1 (1981), the film where the server in the Last Supper says, Are you all together, or can it be different cheques?

              Hurt was a celebrity freed of all tradition in his pick of characters, and he lived his life so. Produced in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, he was the youngest of three kids of a Church of England vicar and mathematician, the Reverend Arnould Herbert Hurt, and his own wife, Phyllis (ne Massey), an engineer with the enthusiasm for recreational dramatics.

              Following a low-down education at St Michaels in Sevenoaks, Kent (where he explained he was sexually abused), as well as the Lincoln grammar school (where he played Lady Bracknell in The Importance of Being Earnest), he rebelled as an art student, first at the Grimsby art school where, in 1959, he won a scholarship to St Martins, before training at Rada for a couple of years in 1960.

              He made a stage debut that same year using the Royal Shakespeare Company at the Arts, playing a semi-psychotic teen thug in Fred Watsons Infanticide in the House of Fred Ginger and then joined the cast of Arnold Weskers national service play, Chips With Everything, in the Vaudeville. Still in the Arts, he was Len in Harold Pinters The Dwarfs (1963) before playing the title role in John Wilsons Hamp (1964) at the Edinburgh Festival, where critic Caryl Brahms noticed his uncommon skill and blessed quality of simplicity.

              This is a more comfortable, free-spirited time in the theater. Hurt remembered rehearsing with Pinter when silver salvers stacked with gins and tonics, ice and lemon, would arrive at 11.30 each morning as part of the stage management routine. On receiving a notice that was impolite from your prominent Daily Mail critic Peter Lewis, he wrote, Dear Mr Lewis, Whooooops! Yours truly, John Hurt and received the answer, Dear Mr Hurt, thanks for dull although brief letter. Yours truly, Peter Lewis.

              After Little Malcolm, he played leading parts together with the RSC in the Aldwych notably in David Mercers Belchers Luck (1966) and as the madcap dadaist Tristan Tzara in Tom Stoppards Travesties (1974) together with Octavius in Shaws Man and Superman in Dublin in 1969 and a significant 1972 resurrection of Pinters The Caretaker in the Mermaid. But his stage work within the next 10 years was almost nonexistent as he followed The Naked Civil Servant with a different pyrotechnical television performance as Caligula in I, Claudius; Raskolnikov in Dostoevskys Crime and Punishment and the Fool to Oliviers King Lear in Michael Elliotts 1983 television film.

              His first huge film had been Fred Zinnemanns A Man for All Seasons (1966) with Paul Scofield (Hurt played Richard Rich) but his first big screen performance was an unforgettable Timothy Evans, the innocent framed casualty in Richard Fleischers 10 Rillington Place (1970), with Richard Attenborough as the black landlord and killer John Christie. He promised to have made 150 films and persisted in playing with those he called the folks that were unloved like us, the inside out folks, who live their lives as an experiment, much less a convention. Even his Ben Gunn-like professor in Steven Spielbergs Indiana Jones as well as the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008) met into this group, though much less resoundingly, maybe, as his quivering Winston Smith in Michael Radfords excellent Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984); or as a prissy weakling, Stephen Ward, in Michael Caton-Joness Scandal (1989) about the Profumo affair; or again as the solitary writer Giles DeAth in Richard Kwietniowskis Love and Death on Long Island.

              His later, unpredictable theater performances contained a fantastic Trigorin in Chekhovs The Seagull in the Lyric, Hammersmith, in 1985 (with Natasha Richardson as Nina); Turgenevs incandescent idler Rakitin in a 1994 West End production by Bill Bryden of A Month in the Country, playing a brilliant duet with Helen Mirrens Natalya Petrovna; and another memorable match with Penelope Wilton in Brian Friels exquisite 70-minute doodle Afterplay (2002), in which two alone Chekhov characters Andrei from Three Sisters, Sonya from Uncle Vanya find reciprocal consolation in a Moscow caf in the 1920s. The play originated, like his Krapp, in the Gate Theatre in Dublin.

              His last screen work comprised, in the Harry Potter franchise, the first, Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone (2001), and last two, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Parts One and Two (2010, 2011), as the kindly wand-maker Mr Ollivander; Roland Joffs 1960s remake of Brighton Rock (2010); as well as the 50th anniversary television version of Dr Who (2013), playing a lost embodiment of the name character.

              Due to his identifying, virtuosic vocal characteristics was that what a brandy-injected fruitcake seems like, or peanut butter spread having a serrated knife? he was constantly in demand for voiceover shows in animated films: the heroic bunny leader, Hazel, in Watership Down (1978), Aragorn/Strider in Lord of the Rings (1978) and also the Narrator in Lars von Triers Dogville (2004). In 2015 he took the Peter OToole stage character in Jeffrey Bernard is Unwell for BBC Radio 4. He’d foresworn booze for several years not because he was bored by it, although he explained.

              Harm sister was a teacher in Australia, his brother a convert to Roman Catholicism as well as a monk and writer. After his first brief marriage to the performer Annette Robinson (1960, divorced 1962) he resided for 15 years in County Wicklow using the French model Marie-Lise Volpeliere Pierrot. She was killed in a riding accident in 1983. In 1984 he married, second, a Texan, Donna Peacock (divorced in 1990), residing with her to get a period in Nairobi before the relationship came under stress from his drinking and her dalliance having a gardener. With his third wife, Jo Dalton (wed in 1990, divorced 1995), he had two sons, Nicolas and Alexander (Sasha), who live him, as does his fourth wife, the performer and producer Anwen Rees-Myers, whom he wed in 2005 and with whom he lived in Cromer, Norfolk. Hurt given a Bafta lifetime achievement award in the year 2012 was made CBE in 2004 and knighted in the New Years honours list of 2015.

              • John Vincent Hurt, actor, born 22 January 1940, died 27 January 2017

              Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/film/2017/jan/28/john-hurt-obituary